Novel technique reduces obstruction risk in heart valve replacement

Researchers at the National, Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), part of the National Institutes of Health, have developed a novel technique that prevents the obstruction of blood flow, a common fatal complication of transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR). The new method, called LAMPOON, may increase treatment options for high-risk patients previously ineligible for heart valve procedures. The Journal of […]

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Heavy teen boys may face higher heart disease risk as adults

(HealthDay)—Just a few extra pounds during adolescence may translate into higher odds for heart disease in adulthood, a new study of young men suggests. It included about 1.7 million Swedish men who began military service at ages 18 or 19 between 1969 and 2005. They were followed for up to 46 years. During the follow-up, nearly 4,500 were diagnosed with […]

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Stress from work, home can harm women’s hearts

Even with supportive spouses, many women still find themselves helping the kids with homework and cleaning up household messes, often while scrambling to make dinner after a 10-hour workday filled with deadlines and challenging colleagues. All that stress could put women at higher risk than men for having a stroke or developing diabetes, heart disease and other chronic conditions, according […]

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Guidelines updated for TB screening, treatment in health care workers

(HealthDay)—Guidelines have been updated for screening and treatment for tuberculosis (TB) infection among health care personnel, according to research published in the May 17 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Lynn E. Sosa, M.D., from the National Tuberculosis Controllers Association in Smyrna, Georgia, and colleagues conducted a systematic review to examine […]

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Neuroscientists identify a brain circuit that helps break complex decisions down into smaller pieces

When making a complex decision, we often break the problem down into a series of smaller decisions. For example, when deciding how to treat a patient, a doctor may go through a hierarchy of steps—choosing a diagnostic test, interpreting the results, and then prescribing a medication. Making hierarchical decisions is straightforward when the sequence of choices leads to the desired […]

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Patients with both schizophrenia and epilepsy die alarmingly early

More than one in four patients with schizophrenia and epilepsy die before reaching the age of fifty. This is shown by research from Aarhus University and Aarhus University Hospital. The results, which have been published in the journal Epilepsia, aim to contribute to ensuring patients will receive the correct treatment in time. Patients who suffer from schizophrenia and epilepsy are […]

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Lyme disease now a threat in city parks

(HealthDay)—As deer populations have exploded across America, moving from forests to suburbs to urban parks, they have brought the threat of Lyme disease to millions of city dwellers, a new study finds. In fact, the deer tick that spreads Lyme disease is as prevalent in many New York City parks as it is in areas known to be endemic for […]

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Lowering blood pressure reduces brain bleeding in strokes

The search for treatments for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage, the most devastating type of stroke, which carries a 40% mortality rate, has been rife with disappointments. But a new study suggests that intensive blood pressure lowering may reduce the amount of bleeding in deep areas of the brain in patients with the condition, a team of Yale researchers report May 13 […]

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50 percent of people do not know they have high blood pressure

A study involving scientists from The University of Western Australia and the Royal Perth Hospital Medical Research Foundation has revealed 50 per cent of Australians living with high blood pressure do not realise they have it. The research is part of a global study published in the European Heart Journal Supplements for May Measurement Month, a health campaign centred around […]

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Like a lot of things, women’s gut microbiomes appear to mature earlier than men’s

The human gut microbiome is a complex microbial ecosystem that plays an important role in our health. For example, these microbes—bacteria, viruses, fungi—help regulate metabolism, fend off infections, produce essential vitamins and break down dietary fiber. They may also be biomarkers of health and disease. A recent study by researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, San […]

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