Caution, ticks-Alarm: How dangerous little beasts really are?
Myth no 1: ticks lurk in trees and pounce down from above on their victims
Starting in the spring over a Meadow for a walk, in the garden romp? No Problem, we are threatened as no risk of Ticks, or? However, it is threatening. The idea that ticks lurk in tall trees and home can be tricky from above to your fall victim to, is wrong. Although ticks do not live preferably – but not exclusively! – in the forest or near the forest. But just in the tree tops, you will not find them there rather.
The risk of a minimum of a floor threatens deeper: most of The ticks lurk in shrubs, bushes, or grasses on their victims. A maximum of 1.5 metres above the ground, looking for the common wood tick, the people most dangerous tick species, a discreet place in the countryside. Much larger there is hardly a Mammal, from which he might hope to find a tasty blood meal is.
The hungry tick in your environment, Mammal detects welding or vibration and light changes, knows it: the food coming! Sitting on the fence, waiting for the approaching living being touches the blade of Grass, or the sheet on which the tick sits. Even if the contact lasts only a fraction of a second: time enough for the blood suckers to attach to its new host. And to go to him in peace in search of the best feeding place. The should, if possible, be warm, and the thinner the skin is, the better to stab the tick with your proboscis, for example, in the crook of the Arms, armpits, backs of the knees or in the crotch.
Myth No. 2: ticks stitches are only in the South of Germany is dangerous
The reason for this assumption is the dreaded tick-borne disease tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is. The virus the first flu-like disease, which can develop to a dangerous inflammation of the Brain continue to be transmitted mainly by ticks in Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg. But also in the rest of Germany, it seems to be TBE infections caused by tick bites. A map of the most affected counties is published regularly by the Robert Koch-Institute. The Treacherous to TBE: In about 70 percent of the cases a severe course with a brain, meninges or spinal cord inflammation. A cure there is not, 10 to 50 percent of the patients who are severely Ill never recover completely. However, not every tick carries in the high-risk areas long the Virus: Depending on the Region, up to five percent are affected.
Even if ticks can transmit, especially in southern Germany, TBE-virus, also have the North German is no reason to be careless with tick bites deal. Because of the so-called Lyme ticks may be in addition to TBE-Lyme disease, often Lyme disease is called transfer and is in the whole of Germany, though somewhat more common in the South and in the East. Undiagnosed and untreated, the infection with the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi to severe chronic nerve damage or joint disease lead. But against tick bites there are, however, a vaccination, or?
Myth no. 3: Against “tick diseases” vaccines are available
Neither quite right, nor quite wrong. Against the dreaded tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) although there is no cure, a vaccine already. The Robert-Koch Institute recommends vaccination, especially people living in high-risk areas, or frequently spend time there. Also, workers in the forestry or agriculture should be vaccinated. The sooner vaccination begins, the better: to achieve a 99-percent protection, there are three vaccinations are necessary, which goes on for more than a year. It is also important to have the vaccination at regular intervals to refresh.
Against Lyme disease, there is, unlike in the case of TBE, no vaccination. That is why it is all the more important to detect the disease quickly and treat it. It is true: the earlier the antibiotic treatment starts, the better the chances of a cure. If left untreated, can develop from a Lyme disease infection months or even years after the tick bite, severe nerve or joint damage.
Unfortunately, in many cases it is not so easy to recognize a disease: The first evidence of infection is redness, the so-called “Wall”, a red spot or circle around the injection site that spreads slowly. The wall redness occurs but not always. Or it falls on anyone, because the tick is in a hard-to-reach part of the body has been stabbed. A laboratory test provides no clear answer as to whether someone has acutely infected with Lyme disease: He is able to demonstrate Borrelia burgdorferi-antibodies in the blood, but can also originate from a previous and already healed Lyme disease.
Conclusion: in contrast to TBE, there is no completely safe method, to a disease to prevent. Therefore, the body search after each stay Outdoors thoroughly ticks removed as soon as possible and in case of doubt, go to the doctor.
Myth no. 4: tick-removal with Oil in a clockwise direction
With all due caution, and in spite of the correct clothing choice: it is Not always possible to prevent that a hungry blood-sucker and removes zusticht. Like the best, is the content of many adventurous advice and “insider tips”. The Problem: The proboscis of the tick is equipped with many small barbs that hold it firmly in the skin. In addition, the ticks ‘ saliva contains a kind of glue that should hold the host and the tick together.
So great disgust or anger at the blood-suckers also should be, in the ideal case, the tick should be life after the Removal. She wrestles with the death, while her mouth is the tool is still in the skin, increasing the risk that it emits at the last minute, Lyme disease pathogens from their gut into the host. Of Try to kill the tick with Oil, glue or petrol, and then to remove, is therefore discouraged. Also, the often recommended “Rotate clockwise” does not lead to the destination: Finally, the proboscis is not equipped with a screw thread.
So how do you get rid of a tick again? Best done with a tick removal or a pointed tweezer end. Here’s how: The tick with forceps or tweezers as far forward as possible, directly at the site of injection, grab. Gently give it a little pull, without crushing the tick. And wait. At some point it is uncomfortable, namely, the tick, therefore she lets go of voluntarily. She bit very tightly, it can help to solve the barb, by careful and herdreht – however, not more than a quarter of a turn. Completely banned all jerk-like movements!
Important: if you do not try to remove a tick, you should go to the doctor, and as quickly as possible. Before Lyme disease can be used to transfer pathogens from the tick to humans, sucks this only once for several hours their blood. Who away so quickly the blood suckers again, may be spared, even if the tick carries the pathogen in itself. In all cases, the following applies: Observe the puncture site for a few days. She blushes or looks flashy, there is a visit to the doctor.
Myth no 5: ticks are only in the summer active
Also, this myth has a core of truth: In the warmer half of the year, ticks are particularly active. The los, however, in the spring and can last until late autumn. The decisive factor is not the date, but the weather situation is. Prefer to tick to have it warm and moist. The temperatures, they fall back between the protective sheets. It is in the height of summer is too dry, they will probably look for a comfortable-moisture area, for example, in the Foliage on the forest floor. No ticks break in years, with particularly mild winters. Then the number of ticks drops stitches, although significant, the catch can it stroller on nice winter days, but still.
By the way: Closed-end clothes, it makes the little blood suckers while severe, a suitable part of the body for your sound to find, but offers no one hundred percent security. Not small, hungry ticks work through several layers of Clothing, until only the highest possible tender, naked skin between them and the tasty blood meal.