An Overview of Aortic Dissection

IntroductionThe Arrangement of the AortaAortic Dissection PathogenesisSymptomsPre-dispositionsDetectionTreatmentReferencesFurther Reading The aorta is the main artery of the human body. Its large structure is key to maintaining the vital function of pumping oxygenated blood around the whole body. Aortic dissection. Image Credit: sciencepics/Shutterstock.com Aortic dissection occurs when the wall of the aorta tears, allowing blood to exit the aorta through a false […]

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What is Binder Syndrome (Binder Type Nasomaxillary Dysplasia)?

IntroductionCauses and Symptoms of Binder SyndromeEpidemiology of Binder SyndromeAssociation with Chondrodysplasia PunctataDiagnosis and Treatment of Binder SyndromeReferences Binder syndrome, also known as nasomaxillary dysplasia or maxillo-nasal dysostosis, is a rare congenital condition causing developmental defects. Although the true etiology is unknown, it is most likely multifactorial. It has distinct impacts on facial characteristics, significantly affecting the front region of the […]

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What is Blue Diaper Syndrome?

IntroductionCauses and Symptoms of Blue Diaper SyndromeEpidemiology of Blue Diaper SyndromeDiagnosis and Management of Blue Diaper SyndromePrognosis and Prevention of Blue Diaper SyndromeReferences Blue diaper syndrome (BDS), also known as Drummond's Syndrome, is an extremely rare metabolic disorder, first described in 1964. It is a genetic disorder with an autosomal or x-linked recessive pattern of inheritance. The syndrome affects newborn […]

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An Overview Of Sex Hormones

IntroductionWhat Are Sex Hormones?How Are Sex Hormones Produced?The Physiological Effect of Sex HormonesEstrogenProgestrogens: ProgesteroneAndrogensReferences Sex hormones are considered critical regulators of sex-related characteristics in both males and females during puberty. They also play a critical role in regulating skeletal growth during periods of increasing and decreasing skeletal mass. Outside of this endocrine and musculoskeletal function, they influence a broad spectrum […]

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How are Zoonotic Pathogens Threatening Global Healthcare Systems?

Introduction What are zoonoses? Is there a threat to global healthcare from zoonotic pathogens? Antibiotic resistance Global surveillance What can be done to better manage the threat of zoonoses? References Further Reading Zoonotic pathogens present a major global health problem. Humans have close relations with domestic and agricultural animals, as well as those residing in the natural world. Zoonotic diseases. […]

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Compassion Fatigue in Healthcare Professionals

IntroductionWhat are the Reasons for Compassion Fatigue?What are the Risk Factors for Compassion Fatigue?Preventing and Managing CFReferences Compassion fatigue – what is it? This term is being used frequently, in the backdrop of the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, with millions of people hospitalized over a few months during many successive waves of the pandemic. It refers to "a […]

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Kovács elected to Hungarian Academy of Sciences

Sándor J. Kovács, PhD, MD, a professor of medicine and of cell biology & physiology at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, has been elected an honorary member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Also an adjunct professor of physics and of biomedical engineering, Kovács is being honored for his outstanding contributions to the field of cardiology, especially […]

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The Role of Testosterone in Women’s Health

Estrogens are the female sex hormones that mediate the important processes that result in the maturation of the female reproductive system and secondary sexual characteristics. Yet, male sex hormones, namely androgens, are also essential for female health, physical and emotional. Image Credit: Marta Design/Shutterstock.com Androgens in women act not only as the precursor of estrogens but also affect most organ […]

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Osteoporosis and Hearing Loss

Hearing loss is the third most common chronic condition in the United States. Individuals suffering from hearing loss report reduced quality of life, and a higher risk of depression. Osteoporosis has been identified in some studies as a risk factor for hearing loss. Image Credit: Crevis/Shutterstock.com What is osteoporosis and hearing loss? Osteoporosis is a common metabolic disorder that causes progressive […]

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