What is the Tumor Microenvironment?

What is the TME?Components of TMEThe TME and tumor-proliferationTME and gut microbiotaClinical role of TMEReferencesFurther reading For a prolonged period, cancer was thought to be a genetic disease where mutations spur malignant changes in the cell. In recent years, the growth in knowledge about the tumor microenvironment (TME) has altered this view. This article briefly introduces the TME and discusses […]

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What are the Applications of Technology-Based Mental Health Interventions?

IntroductionMental health Interventions for young peopleUsing digital interventions to monitor older people's mental health Technological intervention in a social work contextHazards of technology-based interventions ReferencesFurther reading Mental health disorders are becoming increasingly frequent in the general population. Mental health disorders are largely associated with improved life expectancy and end-of-life diseases such as dementia and Alzheimer’s, with over 15% of those over 60 suffering […]

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Hospitals Said They Lost Money on Medicare Patients. Some Made Millions, a State Report Finds.

CHARLOTTE, N.C. — Atrium Health, the largest hospital system in North Carolina, has declared publicly that in 2019 it provided $640 million in services to Medicare patients that were never paid for, by far the largest “community benefit” it provided that year. Like other nonprofit hospitals around the nation, Atrium logs losses on the federal health insurance program for seniors […]

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BMI: The Mismeasure of Weight and the Mistreatment of Obesity

People who seek medical treatment for obesity or an eating disorder do so with the hope their health plan will pay for part of it. But whether it’s covered often comes down to a measure invented almost 200 years ago by a Belgian mathematician as part of his quest to use statistics to define the “average man.” That work, done […]

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The Role of Estrogen in Pregnancy

The increased production of certain hormones throughout pregnancy is essential for maintaining the health of both the mother and fetus. Human chorionic gonadotropin hormone (hCG), human placental lactogen (hPL), progesterone, and estrogen are the most notable hormones involved in pregnancy. Pregnancy. Image Credit: Ground Picture/Shutterstock.com The placenta and estrogen During the first ten weeks of gestation, both estrogen and progesterone […]

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Journalists Dig In on the Fiscal Health of the Nation and Hospital Closures in Rural Missouri

KHN chief Washington correspondent Julie Rovner discussed health care costs and the fiscal health of Medicare and Social Security on C-SPAN’s “Washington Journal” on Sept. 28. She also discussed President Joe Biden’s comments about the covid-19 pandemic being “over,” as well as health inflation, the government funding bill, and other domestic news on WAMU/NPR’s “1A” on Sept. 23. Click here […]

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An Overview of Aortic Dissection

IntroductionThe Arrangement of the AortaAortic Dissection PathogenesisSymptomsPre-dispositionsDetectionTreatmentReferencesFurther Reading The aorta is the main artery of the human body. Its large structure is key to maintaining the vital function of pumping oxygenated blood around the whole body. Aortic dissection. Image Credit: sciencepics/Shutterstock.com Aortic dissection occurs when the wall of the aorta tears, allowing blood to exit the aorta through a false […]

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What is Binder Syndrome (Binder Type Nasomaxillary Dysplasia)?

IntroductionCauses and Symptoms of Binder SyndromeEpidemiology of Binder SyndromeAssociation with Chondrodysplasia PunctataDiagnosis and Treatment of Binder SyndromeReferences Binder syndrome, also known as nasomaxillary dysplasia or maxillo-nasal dysostosis, is a rare congenital condition causing developmental defects. Although the true etiology is unknown, it is most likely multifactorial. It has distinct impacts on facial characteristics, significantly affecting the front region of the […]

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