Type 2 diabetes: A food type which is known to absorb cholesterol and lower blood sugar

Type 2 diabetes affects insulin in the body. Everybody needs insulin to live as it plays an essential job in keeping the body healthy. Insulin allows the glucose in the blood to enter the cells and fuel the body. When a person has type 2 diabetes, the body still breaks down carbohydrate from food and drink and turns it into glucose. The pancreas responds by releasing insulin, however, insulin can’t work properly, and blood sugar levels keep rising, the more insulin is released. There is a food type to include in your diet which is known to reverse this and therefore help lower blood sugar levels.

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Fibre is found in plant-based foods and is a carbohydrate which can’t be digested. It therefore slows the rise in blood sugar following a meal.

There are two types of fibre including soluble and insoluble fibre.

Foods containing soluble fibre become sticky when passing through the digestive tract and this helps to reduce the absorption of cholesterol.

Soluble fibre found in beans, oats, flaxseed and oat bran may help lower total cholesterol levels by lowering low-density lipoprotein, or “bad”, cholesterol levels, said the Mayo Clinic.

It continued: “Studies also have shown that high fibre foods may have other heart-health benefits, such as reducing blood pressure and inflammation.

“Helps control blood sugar levels in people with diabetes, fibre – particularly soluble fibre – can slow the absorption of sugar and help improve blood sugar levels.

“A healthy diet that includes insoluble fibre may also reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.”

In a study with the US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, carbohydrates, dietary fibre and incident type 2 diabetes in older women was investigated.

The study noted: “Dietary carbohydrates may influence the development of type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes, for example, through effects on blood glucose and insulin concentrations.

We examined the relations of baseline intake of carbohydrates, dietary fibre, dietary magnesium, and carbohydrate-rich foods and the glycaemic index with incidence of diabetes.

“Total grain, whole-grain, total dietary fibre, cereal fibre, and dietary magnesium intakes showed strong inverse associations with incidence of diabetes after adjustment for potential non dietary confounding variables.”

The study concluded that the data supported a protective role for grains (particularly whole grains), cereal fibre, and dietary magnesium in the development of diabetes in older women. 

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Diabetes.co.uk added: “Research studies have found that even modest increases in soluble fibre intake helps to lower blood glucose levels.

“The fact that soluble fibre could help improve blood glucose in two ways.

“The slowing down of passage through the digestive gives digestive hormones more time to act and by forming a gel with water, soluble fibre prevents carbohydrate from being so quickly absorbed by the small intestine.”

Benefits of eating a diet rich in soluble fibre include weight management as a feeling of fullness lasts longer and reduces hunger pangs.

Fibre is known to help with the two other dangerous conditions and can help lower a person’s cholesterol levels and blood pressure.

Having a diet with required amounts of fibre per day will also help reduce the risk of cardiovascular complications.

The recommended amount of fibre per day is 20 to 35 grams.

Foods rich in soluble fibre include dried beans, oat bran, rice bran, barley, peas and potatoes.

Foods high in insoluble fibre include wheat bran, cereals, whole grains and some vegetables. 

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